Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
Before the Civil War the United States experienced a whole generation of nearly unremitting political crisis. Underlying the problem was the fact that America in the early 19th century had been a country, not a nation.
The major… By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms plantations that produced commercial crops such as cotton and that relied on slaves as the main labour force. Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states.
Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision. By the per capita wealth of Southern whites was twice that of Northerners, and three-fifths of the wealthiest individuals in the country were Southerners. The extension of slavery into new territories and states had been an issue as far back as the Northwest Ordinance of When the slave territory of Missouri sought statehood inCongress debated for two years before arriving upon the Missouri Compromise of The end of the Mexican-American War in and the roughlysquare miles 1.
More and more Northerners, driven by a sense of morality or an interest in protecting free labour, came to believe, in the s, that bondage needed to be eradicated. White Southerners feared that limiting the expansion of slavery would consign the institution to certain death.
Over the course of the decade, the two sides became increasingly polarized and politicians less able to contain the dispute through compromise. When Abraham Lincolnthe candidate of the explicitly antislavery Republican Partywon the presidential electionseven Southern states South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas carried out their threat and seceded, organizing as the Confederate States of America.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Curiously, this first encounter of what would be the bloodiest war in the history of the United States claimed no victims.
After a hour bombardment, Maj. Robert Anderson surrendered his command of about 85 soldiers to some 5, besieging Confederate troops under P. He proclaimed a naval blockade of the Confederate states, although he insisted that they did not legally constitute a sovereign country but were instead states in rebellion.
Union army volunteer, photograph by Mathew Brady, The origins of the American Civil War lay in the outcome of another war fought 15 years earlier: the Mexican-American War. The question whether slavery could expand into the , square miles of former Mexican territory acquired by the United States in polarized Americans and embittered political debate for the next dozen years.
After the end of the Civil War in the United States, some women hadto change from becoming the homemaker to being the breadwinner fora family. The outcome of the Civil War resulted in a strengthening of U.S. foreign power and influence, as the definitive Union defeat of the Confederacy firmly demonstrated the strength of the United States Government and restored its legitimacy to handle the sectional tensions that had complicated U.S.
external relations in the years before the Civil War. Before the Civil War the United States experienced a whole generation of nearly unremitting political crisis. Underlying the problem was the fact that America . What did the U.S.
do to affect the outcome of the Civil War in China? The U.S. sent two billion of military equipment and supplies. What did the U.S. do to affect the outcome of the Civil War in Korea?
Civil war in the United States from to Theaters of the American Civil War Union blockade Eastern Western Lower Seaboard Trans-Mississippi Pacific Coast Events leading to the American Civil War Slavery Northwest Ordinance Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Battle of Negro Fort Missouri Compromise Tariff of Nat Turner's slave rebellion Nullification Crisis The Amistad Prigg v.