History[ edit ] Parker Pillsbury and other abolitionist men held feminist views and openly identified as feminist, using their influence to promote the rights of women and slaves respectively. The 18th century saw male philosophers attracted to issues of human rights, and men such as the Marquis de Condorcet championed women's education.
Enlightenment era[ edit ] In eighteenth - and nineteenth-century Europesame-sex sexual behaviour and cross-dressing were widely considered to be socially unacceptable, and were serious crimes under sodomy and sumptuary laws.
There were, however, some exceptions. For example, in the 17th century cross dressing was common in plays, as evident in the content of many of William Shakespeare 's plays and by the actors in actual performance since female roles in Elizabethan theater were always performed by males, usually prepubescent boys.
Thomas Cannon wrote what may be the earliest published defense of homosexuality in English, Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplify'd Although only fragments of his work have survived, it was a humorous anthology of homosexual advocacy, written with an obvious enthusiasm for its subject.
Desire is an amatory Impulse of the inmost human Parts: Are not they, however constructed, and consequently impelling, Nature? Social reformer Jeremy Bentham wrote the first known argument for homosexual law reform in England aroundat a time when the legal penalty for buggery was death by hanging.
His advocacy stemmed from his utilitarian philosophyin which the morality of an action is determined by the net consequence of that action on human well-being. He argued that homosexuality was a victimless crime, and therefore not deserving of social approbation or criminal charges.
He regarded popular negative attitudes against homosexuality as an irrational prejudice, fanned and perpetuated by religious teachings. With the introduction of the Napoleonic Code inthe Duchy of Warsaw also decriminalized homosexuality.
Inan anonymous English-language writer wrote a poetic defense of Captain Nicholas Nicholls, who had been sentenced to death in London for sodomy: Whence spring these inclinations, rank and strong?
And harming no one, wherefore call them wrong? The Male Love of the Greeks"another defence of same-sex love. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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July Learn how and when to remove this template message Karl Heinrich UlrichsGerman gay rights activist of the s In many ways, social attitudes to homosexuality became more hostile during the late Victorian era. Inthe Labouchere Amendment was included in the Criminal Law Amendment Actwhich criminalized 'any act of gross indecency with another male person'; a charge that was successfully invoked to convict playwright Oscar Wilde in with the most severe sentence possible under the Act.
From the s, social reformers began to defend homosexuality, but due to the controversial nature of their advocacy, kept their identities secret. Oscar Wilde was taken by his boyish looks and persuaded him to shave off his moustache, and once kissed him passionately in the Travellers' Club.
InIves created and founded the first homosexual rights group, the Order of Chaeronea. John Addington Symonds was a poet and an early advocate of male love. Inhe wrote A Problem in Greek Ethics, a work of what would later be called " gay history.
Chaddock for introducing "homosexual" into the English language inSymonds had already used the word in A Problem in Greek Ethics.Tags: gazal bharadwaj essay strategy ias exam essay strategy upsc essay strategy upsc ias topper gazal bharadwaj essay strategy Next story 1) A World Health Organisation report says 16 of the 30 most polluted cities in the world are in India.
The pollution in Indian cities is adversely affecting health of people, especially children. . Here we present our list of the most influential people in gender policy around the world. Drawing on nominations from dozens of gender equality experts and leading organisations in the field, we aim to celebrate the people making our societies fairer and better to live in.
working in partnership in health and social care. Promote equality and inclusion in health Essay Sample.
Inclusive practice is a process of identifying, understanding and breaking down barriers to participation and belonging. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Public health, the new ideology may be taken to mean the promotion of healthy lifestyles linked to behaviour and individual responsibility supported by government action; whereas traditionally the description tended to relate more to sanitary reform and ‘healthy conditions’.
Promote equality and inclusion in health social care or children’s and young people’s setting Outcome 1 – Understand the importance of diversity, equality and inclusion Explain what is meant by.