Beginnings of pest control Wherever agriculture has been practiced, pests have attacked, destroying part or even all of the crop.
Economic[ edit ] Urban and peri-urban agriculture UPA expands the economic base of the city through production, processing, packaging, and marketing of consumable products. This results in an increase in entrepreneurial activities and the creation of jobsas well as reducing food costs and improving quality.
Chronic food insecurity refers to less affordable food and growing urban povertywhile emergency food insecurity relates to breakdowns in the chain of food distribution. UPA plays an important role in making food more affordable and in providing emergency supplies of food.
Urban agriculture can have a large impact on the social and emotional well-being of individuals. Many gardens facilitate the improvement of social networks within the communities that they are located. Activities which involve hundreds of people .
When individuals come together around UA, physical activity levels are often increased. Taking part in such practices is seen mostly as informal activity, but in many cities where inadequate, unreliable, and irregular access to food is a recurring problem, urban agriculture has been a positive response to tackling food concerns.
Due to the food security that comes with UA, feelings of independence and empowerment often arise. The ability to produce and grow food for oneself has also been reported to improve levels of self-esteem or of self-efficacy.
Community and residential gardening, as well as small-scale farming, save household food dollars.
They promote nutrition and free cash for non-garden foods and other items. A vegetable garden in the square in front of the train station in EzhouChina Some community urban farms can be quite efficient and help women find work, who in some cases are marginalized from finding employment in the formal economy.
The IDRC and the FAO have published the Guidelines for Municipal Policymaking on Urban Agriculture, and are working with municipal governments to create successful policy measures that can be incorporated in urban planning. US households participating in community gardening has also tripled from 1 to 3 million in that time frame.
Urban agriculture provides unique opportunities to bridge diverse communities together. In addition, it provides opportunities for health care providers to interact with their patients. Thus, making each community garden a hub that is reflective of the community.
Pirog found that traditional, non-local, food distribution system used 4 to 17 times more fuel and emitted 5 to 17 times more CO2 than the local and regional transport. Plants absorb atmospheric carbon dioxide CO2 and release breathable oxygen O2 through photosynthesis.
The process of Carbon Sequestration can be further improved by combining other agriculture techniques to increase removal from the atmosphere and prevent the release of CO2 during harvest time.
However, this process relies heavily on the types of plants selected and the methodology of farming. According to the article, only one square meter of green roof is needed to offset the annual particulate matter emissions of a car. The implementation of urban agriculture in these vacant lots can be a cost-effective method for removing these chemicals.
In the process known as Phytoremediationplants and the associated microorganisms are selected for their chemical ability to degrade, absorb, convert to an inert form, and remove toxins from the soil. Mercury and lead inorganic compounds e. Arsenic and Uraniumand organic compounds e.
Other methods of remediation often disturb the soil and force the chemicals contained within it into the air or water. Plants can be used as a method to remove chemicals and also to hold the soil and prevent erosion of contaminated soil decreasing the spread of pollutants and the hazard presented by these lots.
Using well-studied plants is important because there has already been substantial bodies of work to test them in various conditions, so responses can be verified with certainty.
Such plants are also valuable because they are genetically identical as crops as opposed to natural variants of the same species. Typically urban soil has had the topsoil stripped away and has led to soil with low aeration, porosity, and drainage.
Typical measures of soil health are microbial biomass and activity, enzymes, soil organic matter SOMtotal nitrogen, available nutrients, porosity, aggregate stability, and compaction.
A new measurement is active carbon ACwhich is the most usable portoin of the total organic carbon TOC in the soil. This contributes greatly to the functionality of the soil food web.Indian agriculture has not impacted by global economy crises, except some export oriented crops.
About % of India’s population and workforce depend on agriculture.
India has billion people living in 25 states, speaking 19 major languages and over a dialects, practicing over about 6 religions and belonging to thousands of castes and sub-castes.
The Great Depression of had a very severe impact on India, which was then under the rule of the British Raj. The Government of British India adopted a protective trade policy which, though beneficial to the United Kingdom, caused great dama.
Nov 07, · The parallels between the Great Recession we're suffering through now and the Great Depression pre WWII are rather closer than many seem to think.
Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around urban areas. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, urban beekeeping, and timberdesignmag.com activities occur in peri-urban areas as well, and peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics.
Of Management Studies, Christ College of Engineering & Technology, Moolakulam, Puducherry – SCHOOL OF DISTANCE & OFF-CAMPUS EDUCATION DRAVIDIAN UNIVERSITY Srinivasavanam, KUPPAM – INDIA Synopsis IMPACT OF GLOBAL RECESSION ON INDIAN CORPORATE SECTOR (A synopsis submitted to DRAVIDIAN UNIVERSITY in partial .