Many, perhaps most, faith groups recommend prayer as a supplement to medical care. However, some religious groups go further: Teach that certain medical procedures are not allowed, or Recommend that members generally reject medical attention in favor of prayer. Two of these groups are Christian Science and, to a limited degree, the Jehovah's Witnesses.
Yet the reasons for such discouragement are clear.
Circumcision of boys may be performed only by physicians when there are medical benefits attributed. That is the premise of the KNMG, the organization of and for physicians.
Destructiveness The International Convention on the Rights of the Child ICRC says that the government is required to ensure that harmful traditional practices be abolished.
The science is undeniable that circumcision is harmful. A circumcision means 25 to 50 percent of the healthy tissue of the penis is removed.
Immediately after the operation, an infection or bleeding occurs in two to five percent of the boys, which sometimes requires hospitalization. Many boys up to twenty percent later get a stricture of the urethra, causing problems with urination and possibly bladder problems.
Still later circumcised men and their partners get sexual problems more often than non-circumcised men, because a circumcised penis is less sensitive. Also, many men complain about the fact that they were circumcised without their consent.
Any medical benefits - such as a possible reduced risk of HIV transmission [in unprotected heterosexual intercourse] - are relevant at a later age and are no justification for circumcision in childhood.
It is noteworthy that in the Netherlands all forms of female circumcision are forbidden - even in symbolic form, with no tissue being removed - but that circumcision of boys is tolerated. Why is it that Jewish and Muslim boys are not equally protected by law as girls?
Religious freedom or physical integrity? The debate about circumcision of boys is often presented as a conflict between the right of the child to physical integrity and the right of parents to religious freedom. This freedom implies that it is permissible for a child to be educated in religion, but also that the child should keep the freedom to choose a different opinion later.
This means that the child should remain protected from irreversible physical alterations. This legal ruling fits into a debate about circumcision of boys being conducted in almost the entire Western world, even within religious groups.
In Israel, a growing group of parents refrain from circumcising. Social pressure Many parents who still perform circumcision do so because of social pressure from their parents and grandparents, not from religious feelings. In America, a growing number of Jewish parents, together with religious leaders, have developed alternative rituals in which the child can be included in the religious community, but without violating the integrity of the child's body.
Growing resistance The growing resistance to circumcision of boys comes not only from the medical profession and secular society, but also from religious communities themselves.
The debate has nothing to do with anti-semitism or anti-religion, as is sometimes suggested. It is a manifestation of a growing awareness that children have the same fundamental rights as adults.
If it is not permissible for a man to be circumcised against his will, why is it permissible to do the same to a child? Personal choice Circumcision is a personal choice for which people have different reasons. Fortunately we live in a country where people are free to make that choice.
But let it be a choice that the person makes for himself, because ultimately there is only one person who should decide whether or not to remove a healthy part of the body, and that is the man himself. The complainant considered that [such] interference [by] the Slovenian doctors is harmful but he does not know all the negative consequences [of prejudice] subconscious trauma, impotence, infection, etc.Read this Social Issues Essay and over 88, other research documents.
Medical Ethics. There are many responsibilities as a health care provider. There are /5(1). Medical ethics, human rights and law. Circumcision is more than a medical or health issue. Bodily integrity is recognized as a fundamental human right, basic to the autonomy of the individual and guaranteed by law.
Faith healing Two Christian groups that oppose medical care. Faith groups that avoid conventional medical procedures: Many, perhaps most, faith groups recommend prayer as a supplement to medical . A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Ethics in technology is a sub-field of ethics addressing the ethical questions specific to the Technology timberdesignmag.com prominent works of philosopher Hans Jonas are devoted to ethics of technology.
The subject has also been explored, following the work of Mario Bunge, under the term technoethics. Medical ethics became one of the most important teaching modules in most of the medical schools especially in the last three decades particularly in US7.