Since the s, attitudes to other religions have changed markedly. The Australian Survey of Social Attitudes provides the most recent perspectives. The convicts may have been people who had failed the social system in their homeland.
There is a parable about a Spartan youth who stole a fox and, when he was surprised, hid it under his shirt to escape detection; the fox bit deep into his abdomen and yet the boy gave no sign of pain, and became a hero for dying with such calm self-control. In Spartan culture, resourcefulness, courage and indifference to pain were valued above honesty and truth; honesty and truth-seeking had no place in the Spartan ideal.
Different attitudes towards truth can also be seen in different religions; it is often supposed or claimed that religion usually one's own religion is a way to truth- and from this same supposition comes the occasional conflict between religion and science.
However, not all religions place the same value on truth as such, and most religious people place as much or more value on ethical conduct than they do on the truth of any particular religious beliefs or metaphysical doctrines.
A brief look at attitudes towards truth in various religions: Truth in Buddhism -The teaching of the Buddha forms the core of Buddhism, which are transmitted in the form of the Four Noble Truths, which are held and were clearly intended to be understood as literally true.
But beyond that, Buddhism doesn't prize truth as such. The Buddha is like "a physician who treats a single disease, knows how to treat it, and does not care to know anything else"- Buddhism is concerned with a particular way of life, one in which suffering is annihilated; it values truth insofar as they are necessary to achieve this the 4 Noble Truthsbut beyond that, truth is simply not very useful.
|Trends in Attitudes Toward Religion and Social Issues: | Pew Research Center||Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons receive neutral ratings on average, ranging from 48 for Mormons to 53 for Buddhists.|
Truth is rejected, and once again, a way of life is sought. Truth in Judaism -The main concern in Judaism is with not truth as such, but with what Christians have usually, though misleadingly, called "The Law".
But the Law is more a matter of good form than legislation, a matter of respect for tradition and the established order of things.
Judaism, like Buddhism, is primarily concerned with a way of life; the "unique directedness from a historical past into a messianic future, from Mount Sinai to justice for orphan, widow, and stranger and the abolition of war". Kaufmann,62 - The key to this way of life, for Judaism, is scripture; but unlike in Christianity, Judaism has never become a dogmatic religion- specific formulations of Scripture have never gained authoritative status, and scripture is viewed as the inexhaustible, multifarious text that it is.
For instance, in the field of Haggadah, there is no "right" or "true" interpretation- there are degrees of profundity and poetic beauty, and two conflicting interpretations can both be highly esteemed. Truth in Christianity, or, Jewish and Christian Faith -With Christianity and its notion of faith, concern with truth moves to the forefront; distinguishing Jewish faith from Christian faith puts this in stark contrast.
Faith, in Judaism, consists primarily in the former sort- faith as trust; this is the faith of Abraham, the paradigm case, but is also the faith of Job "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him" 3: But not only of faith, but of intimacy- this is what characterizes the faith of Jonah, or of Moses as in the 90th Psalm.
There is also a notable loss of the sense of intimacy- such intimacy with the divine is an exception in Christianity someone like Eckhartwhereas it was more the rule in Judaism. And the very notion of a dogma is problematic; as humans, all of our knowledge and belief are fallible, and a dogma is defined as something which is held true come what may- thus, they must be held as true, even if they turn out not to be true.Do you view the Bible as the real authority in your life?
Do you feel it was directly inspired by God, or do you think of it as just a good book with "wise sayings"? Coming to understand and to LIVE the right answer to these questions is . The following excerpt from the larger report provides further detail on trends in American attitudes toward religion and social issues.
America Remains a Religious Nation Religion and personal belief continue to be important in the lives of most Americans. At the same time, about per cent of people who grew up in another religion at the time of the survey described themselves as having ‘no religion’, and per cent had moved into the Christian religion.
believing every other religion to be false; accordingly, for any particular religion there will always be far more reason for believing it to be false than for believing it to be true.
This is the skeptical argument that arises from the conflicting truth claims of the various. Oct 05, · Mormon attitudes to other faiths.
Mormons do not believe that they are the only people inspired by God and so have a tolerant attitude to other faiths. Jul 15, · Attitudes among religious groups toward each other range from mutual regard to unrequited positive feelings to mutual coldness.
Catholics and evangelicals, the two largest Christian groups measured here, generally view each other warmly.