I know I am not realising my true potential The hypochondriac womb twin survivor, despite being perfectly healthy in fact, lives like a helpless infant, feeling weak and terrified of illness and death: As a way to heal this uneasy sense of emptiness there is a strong tendency in womb twin survivors to hold onto possessions, long-dead relationships, meaningless rituals, habits and entrenched, irrational ideas. There is a very strong resistance to making life changes or letting go of anything of sentimental value, as is clear from some of the questionnaire statements:
These functions are primarily regulated by the circadian clock, a cluster of nerves located on the hypothalamus in the brain. Abrupt shifts in routine, such as shift changes, or travel resulting in jet lag can alter the sleep cycle and have a detrimental effect on normal circadian rhythms.
Additionally season changes, which are accompanied by a decrease in the number of daylight hours, can negatively impact the function of the circadian clock, primarily the secretion of melatonin to induce sleep. If the alterations in biological rhythms are strong enough they may lead to mood disorders including mild depression and seasonal affective disorder.
The following is an analysis of the relation of biological rhythms to mood disorders. The goal is to identify and describe the various cycles that exist within the body to maintain a harmonious rhythm, including circadian rhythms, chronobiological factors, and biopsychosocial rhythms, specifically their relation to the seasons.
Once an understanding these rhythms has been gained it is possible to determine external factors, which act to significantly, disrupt their harmony. Finally by relating the function of biological rhythms to the psyche, specifically their impact on mood and personality it is possible to show how a shift can result in a disorder.
In addition to reviewing the stated relationships this analysis will also cover methods of preventing and treating mood disorder that result from changes in biological rhythms. Biological Rhythms By taking the two words and breaking them down into their separate meanings a definition of biological rhythms evolves as, life which involves a recognizable pattern of change over time.
There are two major categories of biological rhythms, endogenous, and exogenous.
Endogenous rhythms come from within and are regulated by the organism itself, for example the body temperature cycle. Exogenous rhythms are the result of external factors, such as a change in the seasons, or the transition from day to night. Environmental stimuli that help to maintain these cycles are called zietgebers, which comes from German and translates as "time givers.
There are four categories of biological rhythms that extend beyond just classifying them based on internal and external sources. This system maintains that criteria, but extends to include the duration of the cycle as a defining factor. The resulting categories are circadian rhythms, diurnal rhythms, ultradian rhythms, and infradian rhythms.
Circadian Rhythms Circadian rhythms are defined as an endogenous rhythm pattern that cycles on a daily approximately 24 hour basis under normal circumstances. The name circadian comes from the Latin circa dia, meaning about a day. Due to the large amount of control of the circadian rhythm cycle it is often referred to as the pacemaker.
Two specific forms of circadian rhythms commonly discussed in research are morning and evening types. There is a direct correlation between the circadian pacemaker and the behavioral trait of morningness-eveningness Duffy et al.
People considered morning people rise between 5 a. The majority of people fall somewhere between the two types. Evidence has shown that morning types have more rigid circadian cycles evening types, who display more flexibility in adjusting to new schedules Hedge, Diurnal Rhythms Diurnal rhythms are an extension of circadian rhythms.
Simply put the diurnal cycle is identical to the circadian cycle, with the one additional corollary that it must be in sync with the day and night cycle. In other words, for an individuals circadian rhythms to become diurnal that subject must be awake and functioning normally during daylight hours and sleeping during night hours on a fairly consistent basis.
Note that it is possible to have a circadian cycle without being diurnal but not visa versa. Ultradian Rhythms Ultradian rhythms are defined as an endogenous rhythm pattern that occurs on a shorter time scale than circadian rhythms. As a result of the brief cycle time the frequency of occurrence is much higher.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION, IRRITABILITY, AND NEGATIVE AFFECT ON AGGRESSION by (CIS), the Sleep Habits Scale (SHS), and the Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (B-MAST).
Of those screened, eighty-nine were invited to EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION, IRRITABILITY, AND NEGATIVE AFFECT ON AGGRESSION by.
Free personality test - take it to find out why our readers say that this personality test is so accurate, “it's a little bit creepy.” No registration required! Introduction to the works of Peter Naur. Peter Naur, born , Danish scientist, mag. scient.
in astronomy , dr. phil. at Københavns Universitets Astronomiske Observatorium.
at Regnecentralen and lecturer at Danmarks Tekniske Højskole and Niels Bohr Institute. professor of Datalogi at . Nov 18, · Personality Disorders Personality disorders indicate the presence of chronic rigid and maladjusted personality traits, through which the person's interpersonal or professional functioning is negatively affected, or which lead to personal unhappiness and problems (Louw, ).
Free personality test - take it to find out why our readers say that this personality test is so accurate, “it's a little bit creepy.” No registration required!