The Catholic Church in Rome was the dominant force in religious life, translating into a strong influence in everyday life. In the Catholic tradition, absolution from sin is obtained through confession, in which the penitent confesses to a priest who then absolves the sin and administers pentinance. The pardoner is the protagonist of this tale, and as he rails against avarice, he does so but for the love of money, in stark contrast of his exemplum. Compiled with immensely strong religious connotations throughout as well as the obvious, the tale sets forth a distinct feeling to the reader as being a sermon read aloud.
The Physician's Tale is a A simple plan vs the pardoners tale about a judge who plots with a "churl [low fellow]" to abduct a beautiful young woman; rather than allow her to be raped, her father beheads her. The invitation for the Pardoner to tell a tale comes after the Host declares his dissatisfaction with the depressing tale, and declares: Prologue[ edit ] The prologue takes the form of a literary confession in the same manner as The Wife of Bath's Prologue.
He that his hand wol putte in this mitayn, He shal have multipliyng of his greyn, lines — But he will warn that any person that "hath doon synne horrible" will not be able to benefit from these relics.
He goes on to relate how he stands like a clergy at the pulpitand preaches against avarice but to gain the congregation's money; he doesn't care for the correction of sin or for their souls. Although he is guilty of avarice himself, he reiterates that his theme is always Radix malorum The Pardoner explains that he then offers many anecdotes to the "lewed [ignorant, unlearned] people".
Yet, he concludes to the pilgrims, though he may be a "ful vicious man", he can tell a moral tale and proceeds. Tale[ edit ] The tale is set in Flanders at an indeterminate time, and opens with three young men drinking, gambling and blaspheming in a tavern.
The Pardoner condemns each of these "tavern sins" in turn— gluttonydrinking, gambling, and swearing—with support from the Christian scriptures, before proceeding with the tale. The rioters hear a bell signalling a burial; their friend has been killed by a "privee theef" known as Death, who has also killed a thousand others.
The men set out to avenge them and kill Death. An old man they brusquely query tells them that he has asked Death to take him but has failed.
He then says they can find death at the foot of an oak tree.
When the men arrive at the tree, they find a large amount of gold coins and forget about their quest to kill Death. They decide to sleep at the oak tree overnight, so they can take the coins in the morning.
The three men draw straws to see who among them should fetch wine and food while the other two wait under the tree. The youngest of the three men draws the shortest straw and departs; while he is away, the remaining two plot to overpower and stab him upon his return.
However, the one who leaves for town plots to kill the other two: When he returns with the food and drink, the other two kill him and then consume the poisoned wine, dying slow and painful deaths.
Sources and composition[ edit ] The prologue—taking the form of a literary confession—was most probably modelled on that of "Faus Semblaunt" in the medieval French poem Roman de la Rose. The Pardoner is an enigmatic character, portrayed as grotesque in the General Prologue.
He is seemingly aware of his sin—it is not clear why he tells the pilgrims about his sin in the prologue before his tale commences. His preaching is correct and the results of his methods, despite their corruption, are good.
Chaucer describes him as a "draughte of corny strong ale", which arguably suggests that the character candidly speaks thanks in part to intoxication.
The Pardoner's confession is similar in that there is a revelation of details buried within the prologue by "The Wife of Bath Tale". The Wife of Bath gives away details about herself in the prologue to her particular tale. Chaucer describes The Pardoner as an excellent speaker in his portrait of the character in the General Prologue to The Canterbury Tales, which inherently reflects the quality of the narrative attributed to him.
The old man who appears before the rioters has been the subject of considerable debate. Many persons and scholars reference him as "death in person", "the Wandering Jew", "Old Age itself", and "Death's messenger".
Owen refutes these views as he points out that "He is seeking Death; and that Death or his agent should find death is contrary to all the logic of allegory. However, critic, Alfred David, refutes such claims and asserts the possibility that the Old Man in "The Pardoner's Tale" is meant to symbolise more than unambiguous death, "the old man's identity does not admit a simple, unambiguous, and definitive answer such as Death or Death's Messenger".
The question of Chaucer's motivation in writing the tale, as well as potential social comments made within it, have been the subject of controversy concerning The Canterbury Tales.
Gross, as dictated in Modern Language Studies, concludes that The Pardoner finds himself publicly shamed by the Host's reprimand at the end of the tale.
There is an "undertone" of exclusion at this point in the work that, perhaps, leads to the question of the sexuality of The Pardoner and the social boundaries at hand. To reaffirm his claim, Gross points out the ridicule and "laughter" on behalf of the other pilgrims.
Perhaps Chaucer is looking upon the Pardoner with a "compassionate eye", as the Host offers a kiss at the end of the tale. According to Gross, this could simply be the poet's way of easing the tension in the room, thus a sign of "compassion" towards the embarrassment of the Pardoner on behalf of the poet.
Ultimately, it is plausible that Chaucer makes a societal statement long before his time that serves as a literary teaching moment in modern time as one further examines The Canterbury Tales. In further analysis, psychological patterns of the character of the Pardoner is frequently analysed by readers and critics alike.
Incritic Eric W. Stockton defined the psychology-based research of the character, "The psychology of the Pardoner has perhaps gotten in the way of the task of interpreting the stories' meaning.
This is indeed an age of psychology.
Character of the teller[ edit ] The religious climate at the time that Chaucer wrote this piece was pre- Reformation.Comparative Study The Pardoners Tale vs A Simple Plan Although the settings are very different, one taking place in 14th century Scotland and the other in modern day America, the ideas of both texts are similar, "Radix Natorum est .
In the Pardoner’s Tale, the corrupt Pardoner is physically ugly to reflect the corrupt nature. In a Simple Plan, Hank is portrayed as good but is corrupted by the wrong he has done. U ‘Thanne shewe I forth my longe cristal stones. The Pardoner's Tale Themes Context Late 14th century Corrupt Catholic Church Sold indulgences and relics Swearing, drunkenness, gambling Church was unaligned with .
A summary of The Pardoner’s Introduction, Prologue, and Tale in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Canterbury Tales and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Aug 20, · Comparative study of The Simple Plan and The Pardoners Tale The task i have been given is to submit an word essay that responds to the following question: In comparing your TWO texts you will have become aware of how the contexts of the texts have shaped their form and meaning.
The Pardoner's Tale. Have you ever wished divine justice (or karma) upon someone who has done you wrong? What about several someones? In The Pardoner's Tale, a few evil young men set out to find.